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Appellation Cornell Topical Index

Grapes 101 - Grapes 101 is a series of brief articles highlighting the fundamentals of cool climate grape and wine production.


Vine Biology and Physiology

Grapes 101: Resource Assimilation and Vineyard Productivity
Grapes 101: Sources and Sinks: Allocation of Photosynthates during the Growing Season
Grapes 101Untangling the concepts of vine size, capacity, crop level, vigor, and vine balance
Grapes 101: Vine Balance and the Role of Vineyard Design
Grapes 101: How Grapevine Roots Grow
Grapes 101: How Grapevine Flowers Form
Grapes 101: Bud Fruitfulness and Yield
Grapes 101: How Grapevines Reconnect in the Spring
Grapes 101: Manipulating Cluster Size at Bloom
Grapes 101: How Grapevines Respond to Water Stress
Grapes 101Will Effects of the 2016 Drought Carry Over into 2017?

Cold Hardiness/Winter Injury

Grapes 101: How Grapevine Buds Gain and Lose Cold-hardiness   
Grapes 101
: Managing Winter-Injured Vines
Grapes 101: I Have Galls in my Vineyard: Should I Call my Nursery?
Grapes 101: How Defoliation, Defruiting, and Extreme Shoot Reduction Affected Clusters, Fruit Composition, and Bud Hardiness

Vine Nutrition

Grapes 101: Lessons from the Big Dig: Dry Matter, Nitrogen Uptake, and Fertilizer Efficiency
Grapes 101: Potassium - From the Soil to The Wine

Insect and Disease Management

Grapes 101Powdery mildew: How important is overwintering inoculum?
Grapes 101: Grape Berry Moth Management
Grapes 101: Managing Black Rot
Grapes 101: What are Those Fungicide-Group Numbers on Product Labels?
Grapes 101Three Steps to Manage Grape Berry Moth
Grapes 101: How important are grapevine trunk diseases in New York?
Grapes 101: Phomopsis - Disease Biology and Management

Enology/Winemaking

Grapes 101: Formal and Informal Wine Sensory Evaluation
Grapes 101Conversion Factors: From Vineyard to Bottle
Grapes 101: What Yeast Do
Grapes 101: This article contains sulfites
Grapes 101: This Article Contains Sulfites - Part II
Grapes 101What Happens from Véraison to Harvest?
Grapes 101: The Science Behind Cold-Stabilization and Tartrate Removal
Grapes 101Understanding FSMA: Questions About New Food Safety Regulations

Economics/Business Management

Grapes 101: Success: Beyond Tons and Gallons
 


Research Focus – Research Focus articles are in-depth explorations of specific research topics by Cornell faculty and staff.


Vine Biology and Physiology

Research Focus: Fifteen years of vine root growth studies in Concords (pdf)
Research Focus: How radical manipulation of sources and sinks affected Riesling yield, bud hardiness, and return crop (pdf)

Vineyard Management

Research Focus: Expanding the Use of Under-Vine Cover Crops in NY Vineyards
Research FocusAdopting Under-Vine Cover Crops in Vinifera Vineyards 
Research Focus: Sensors Provide Information to Guide Variable-Rate Mechanical Fruit Thinning and Prevent Overcropping of Concord Grapes
Research Focus: Automating Measurements of Canopy and Fruit to Map Crop Load in Commercial Vineyards (pdf)
Research and Extension Focus: Mechanical Crop Thinning Pays Off for Concord Growers

Variety Evaluation/Clean Plants/Genetics

Research Focus: Wine Grapes for New York's North Country: The Willsboro Cold Climate Variety Trial
Research Focus: Clean Plants for the Future of the Eastern Wine and Grape Industry (pdf)
Research Focus: VitisGen: Mapping the Way to the Next Generation of Grapes (pdf)
Research Focus: 22 Years of Grape Variety Trials Shape Long Island Grape Industry (pdf)
Research FocusIntroducing Aromella and Arandell: Newest Products of Cornell's Grape Breeding Program
Research Focus: Small But Mighty: 'Pixie' Grapevine Speeds up the Pace of Grape Genetics Research and Breeding. (pdf)
Research Focus: How Close are We to Crown Gall-free Nursery Stock?(pdf)
COMMENTARY: International Grapevine Genetics Conference: Vines without Powdery Mildew and Downy Mildew?

Cold Hardiness/Winter Injury

Research Focus: Grapevine Winter Survival and Prospects in an Age of Changing Climate (pdf)

Vine Nutrition

Insect and Disease Management/ Spray Technology

Research Focus: Red Blotch Disease Ecology and Management
Research Focus: Defining and Developing Management Strategies for Sour Rot
Research Focus: A Retrospective Study on Application Technology in the Vineyards of New York
Research Focus: What We have Learned about Crown Gall (pdf)
Research Focus: Grape Disease Control: Taking Stock and Looking Forward (pdf)
Research Focus: Botrytis Bunch Rot: A Disease Requiring Integrated Control (pdf)
Research FocusGrapevine Leafroll Disease Control: It Pays to Test Neighboring Vines (pdf)
Research FocusFocus on Females Provides New Insights for Grape Berry Moth Management
Research Focus: Climate, Duration of Bloom, and the Window of Risk for Grapevine Diseases
Research Focus: Variable Eastern Weather Influences Powdery Mildew Severity (pdf)
Research Focus: Improving Spray Deposition through Engineering Innovation (pdf)
Research Focus: Heat and UV Radiation from Sunlight Exposure Inhibit Powdery Mildew
Research FocusThe Potential of Light Treatments to Suppress Certain Plant Pathogens and Pests

Enology/Winemaking

Research Focus: Cornell Researchers Tackle Green Flavors in Red Wines
Research Focus: The Wild, Wild Yeast: An Ecological Survey of Yeast Species and Strains in Finger Lakes Riesling
Research Focus: Sulfur Residues and Post-bottling Formation of Hydrogen Sulfide (pdf)
Research Focus: New Insight on Hybrid Tannin Retention (pdf)
Research Focus: "Free" Doesn't Always Mean Free - Rethinking SO2 Measurements (pdf)
Research Focus: Sanitation of Wine Cooperage using Five Different Treatment Methods: An In Vivo study
Research Focus: Sulfur Dioxide Content of Wines: The Role of Winemaking and Carbonyl Compounds (pdf)
Research Focus: Comparing Red Wine Color in V. Vinifera and Hybrid Cultivars (pdf)

Economics/Business Management

Research Focus: Do Restaurants in New York Cater to "Locapours"* (pdf)
Research FocusCost of Establishment and Production of V. vinifera Grapes in the Finger Lakes Region of New York (pdf)
Research Focus: Increasing Customer Satisfaction Improves Tasting Room Sales
 


Research In Plain English (RIPE) – RIPE articles are brief summaries of journal articles by Cornell faculty. RIPE summaries aim to translate technical jargon into concise summaries accessible to non-scientists.


Vine Biology and Physiology

RIPE: Deconstructing cold hardiness: variation in supercooling ability and chilling requirements in the wild grapevine Vitis riparia
RIPE: Considerations on Spatial Crop Load Mapping

Vineyard Management

RIPE: Timing and Severity of Leaf Removal and Methoxypyrazines (pdf) 
RIPE: Crop load adjustment in 'Seyval blanc': Impacts on yield components, fruit composition, consumer wine preferences, and economics of production (pdf)
RIPE: Palissage Reduces Cluster Zone Lateral Shoots Compared to Hedging 
RIPE: Impact of Shoot Thinning and Harvest Date on Yield Components, Fruit Composition, and Wine Quality of Marechal Foch (pdf)
RIPE: Sampling and estimating average pruning weights in Concord (pdf) 
RIPE: Under-vine Management Impacts Soil Properties and Leachate Composition in a NYS Vineyard
RIPE: Impact of undervine management on vine growth, yield, fruit composition, and wine sensory analyses of Cabernet franc
RIPE: A camera and laser system for automatic vine balance assessment (pdf)
RIPE: Impact of Fruit-Zone Leaf Removal on Rotundone Concentration in Noiret

Variety Evaluation/Clean Plants/Genetics

RIPE: Natural infection of Run1-positive vines by naïve genotypes of Erysiphe necator
RIPE: Polyphenolic profiles detected in the ripe berries of Vitis vinifera germplasm (pdf)
RIPE: Variation Within and Among Vitis spp. for Foliar Resistance to Powdery Mildew
RIPE: Construction of a high-density linkage map and QTL detection of downy mildew resistance in Vitis aestivalis-derived ‘Norton’
RIPE: Grapevine Domestication and Diversity (pdf)

Cold Hardiness/Winter Injury

RIPE: Characterization of Wild North American Grapevine Cold Hardiness Using Differential Thermal Analysis

Vine Nutrition

Insect and Disease Management

RIPE: Antimicrobial Peptides Tested Against Crown Gall, Botrytis and Powdery Mildew(pdf)
RIPE: Variation Within and Among Vitis spp. for Foliar Resistance to Powdery Mildew
RIPE: Influence of trap design on upwind flight behavior and capture of female grape berry moth with a kairomone lure
RIPE: Mitigating the Economic Impact of Grapevine Red Blotch Virus
RIPE: Control of Sour Rot via Chemical and Canopy Management Techniques
RIPE: Grapevine red blotch-associated virus is present in free-living Vitis sp. proximal to cultivated grapevines
RIPE: A rapid, sensitive and inexpensive method for detection of grapevine red blotch virus
RIPE: Development of a diagnostic test of Tumorigenic A. vitis in grapevines

Enology/Winemaking

RIPE: Leaf Removal and TDN associated with "Petrol Aromas" in Riesling (pdf)
RIPE: Sensory Descriptors for Frontenac (pdf)
RIPE: Convenient, inexpensive quantification of elemental sulfur
RIPE: Persistence of elemental sulfur spray residue on grapes during ripening and vinification
RIPE: Pathogenesis-related Proteins Limit the Retention of Condensed Tannin Additions to Red Wines
RIPE: Conventional Measurements of SO2 in Red Wine Overestimate SO2 Antimicrobial Activity

Concord/Niagara Juice Processing

RIPE: Concord Processing and Green Leaf Volatiles (pdf)
RIPE: Comparison of odor-active compounds in grapes and wines from Vitis vinifera and non-foxy American grape species (pdf)
RIPE: Color Retention During Concord Juice Processing (pdf)
RIPE: Assessment of the validity of maturity metrics for predicting the volatile composition of Concord grape juice (pdf)
RIPE: Shelf-life evaluation of natural antimicrobials for Concord and Niagara grape juices

Economics/Business Management

RIPE: Economic Model For Cluster Thinning in Grapes (pdf)        
RIPE: Financial Impact of Grapevine Leafroll Virus in New York Vineyards
RIPE: Economic impact of grapevine leafroll disease on Vitis vinifera cv. Cabernet franc in Finger Lakes Vineyards of New York (pdf) 
RIPE: A Computational Approach for Balancing Competing Objectives in Winegrape Production (pdf) 
RIPE: Modeling Impacts of Viticultural and Environmental Factors on 3-Isobutyl-2-Methoxypyrazine in Cabernet franc Grapes (pdf)
RIPE: Regulating the availability of beer, wine, and spirits in grocery stores: Beverage-specific effects on prices, consumption, and traffic fatalities (pdf)
RIPE: Reducing the economic impact of Grapevine Leafroll Disease in California